How to Clean Carpets and Rugs
There is no simple answer on the matter. There are different spots and stains (more or less soiled) and different
kinds of carpets/rugs fabrics. All of those respond to different kind of treatments and techniques. That is why it so
important, in order to effectively clean carpets, you must determine:
  1. what kind of stain you have to deal with
  2. what is the right solutions to solve the matter.

There are two main components of carpet soil: dry soil and oily soil.

Dry soils consist of dust, clay, sand and other silicates ( silicates are mineral compounds, as quartz, beryl, garnet,
feldspar, mica, and various kinds of clay and constitute well over 90 percent of the rock-forming minerals of the
earth’s crust) . Most dry soil can be removed with regular vacuuming.

Oily soils include resins, gums, greases and fats. These prove to be problematic in their removal. Oily soil
adheres to the carpet fibers and holds dry soil to the carpet. If your carpet looks weary, oily soils could be the main
reason of that.

If you allowed carpet to become soiled and deteriorate in their shape before it is cleaned, it will result in shorter
carpet life and it often cannot be brought back to an acceptable level.

Carpet Maintenance Program

The best way to extend your carpet’s life is to have the Carpet Maintenance Program. Regularly scheduled
cleaning removes soil before it builds up and damages the carpet fibers. Carpets should therefore be cleaned
before the shape deteriorates.

Regarding the Carpet Maintenance Program, one should consider appropriate repeats, especially on traffic
areas. High traffic areas should be cleaned more frequently than moderate or light-traffic areas. For example, all
the carpet in the facility could be cleaned by hot water extraction twice a year and the high traffic areas cleaned
quarterly or every other month.

Methods of Carpet Cleaning

There are several methods of carpet cleaning, like:
  1. dry compound (absorbent powder): Carpet cleaner spreads a moist, absorbent powder throughout your
     carpet. The powder is allowed to dry and then vacuumed off. This method leaves dry portions of the
     powder at the base of the carpet yarn. This is not a very effective method because the carpet is not rinsed.
  2. foam shampoo (Dry foam): The carpet cleaner applies shampoo to your carpet, allows it to dry, and then,
     without rinsing, the dried shampoo is vacuumed off. The major reason that dry foam is not too effective is
     because it leaves a dirty residue in your carpet that causes it to re-soil quickly.
  3. Absorbent pad (bonnet cleaning): This method is similar to dry foam, except that the carpet cleaner uses
     a large cotton bonnet on your carpet. First the carpet is sprinkled by a mist of carpet shampoo. The rotating
     motion causes the bonnet to absorb dirt from your carpet. Bonnet cleaning is like trying to use a large
     cotton towel or mop to rub the dirt out of your carpet. It’s not very effective because there’s no extraction
     process. Furthermore, if the bonnet isn’t changed out with a clean one frequently enough, it just smears
     soil around the carpet.
  4. rotary shampoo; carpet cleaner uses rotary floor machine equipped with a solution tank and shower feed
     brush. After thorough vacuuming, the carpet is scrubbed while a shampoo solution is fed through the
     shower feed brush, which suspends soils. The detergent is allowed to dry and then vacuumed off .
     Following shampooing wet vacuuming with wet dry vacuum equipment is optional.
  5. deep cleaning, Hot water extraction (also known as “Steam Cleaning”. A machine sprays hot water and
     detergent into the carpet pile under pressure and then removes (extracts) the water, detergent and
     loosened soil with a powerful vacuum. Deep cleaning is intended to restore the carpet to near its initial

In US Technical Bulletins and on their website, Shaw Industries, the world’s largest carpet manufacturer,
“recommends the hot water extraction system, which research indicates provides the best capability for the most
thorough cleaning of residential carpets.” No question, the most effective way to clean carpets is with HOT

It’s the most powerful cleaning equipment on the market, and the only equipment that cleans your carpet
of dirt, embedded abrasive soils and oily soils, harmful bacteria, fungus, chemicals, pollens, dust mites
and other residue.

Some people believe that hot water damages your carpet, but this isn’t true. By washing and then rinsing your
carpet with hot water, we clean your carpet or rug completely–in the same way that the person who takes a shower
rinses off the dirt, soap and shampoo will be much cleaner than the person who takes only a soapy sponge bath.


2    Handy Carpet Stain Remover Tips & Tricks
● Berries, cherries, milk, other natural food colourings – Are all water-based, left from natural produce and are
some of the easiest stains to tackle. There is a rule – to treat water with water. Mix warm water with just a small
quantity of washing-up-liquid or white vinegar.
● Ballpoint pens, fizzy drinks and other water-based stains – Can be treated in exactly the same way as above
because… remember the rule: to treat water with water.
● Red wine, tea, coffee, blood – There are usually very dark and we can call them as Heavy Duty Water-Based
Stains. Those are more stubborn and can leave marks if simply treated with just water and washing-up-liquid or
white vinegar. Here, you can use: stain removal commercial product (I recommend Sainsbury’s Carpet Upholstery
Cleaner). You can also try to apply the following trick, especially when treating fresh stain: sprinkle a little salt over
the stained area; leave to absorb the colour; brush the salt off the area; use biological detergent to remove the
remaining stain.
● Smelly stains – mix equal parts vinegar and warm water and apply to the area with a cloth.
● Oily Stains – Place an old cloth over the stain and use your iron to skim over it. Make sure you’re on a medium
heat setting. The heat should help transfer the oily residue from the carpet to the cloth, which can then be
laundered as normal.
● Wax and Gum Stains – Wrap an ice cube in a thin cloth and hold it over the stain to freeze it. Use a “tool” such as
a blunt knife or spoon to gently peel the wax or gum from the fibres.
If you follow the tips above, you should find cleaning carpets and rugs to be quick and simple, but there are some
ways you can make it even easier! Here are some handy hints for stain removal on carpets and rugs:
● Always clean the stain as soon as possible after it’s been made. If stains are allowed to dry into the fibres, they’re
much more difficult to get out. Fresh stains are usually still wet, and come out with much less effort.
● Never wipe stains, as this will simply spread the mark to a greater area of the carpet. Instead, blot the stain,
encouraging the dirt to transfer to the cloth rather than to other parts of the floor.
● Use a microfibre cloth, a tea towel, or another type of rag that won’t dissolve upon contact with water. Paper
towels may seem like a good idea, but once they start to break up, small piece of the tissue can become stuck to
the carpet fibres.
● Vacuum regularly to make sure carpets and rugs are as dust free as possible. The more dust and dirt that’s
lingering on the carpets, the more surface the stain has to cling on to.
● Always test any new product or stain removal method on a small, inconspicuous area of the carpet first.
See more tips here: ,

Please note that AMBob Cleaning & Support Services cannot assume any responsibility for these methods. These links and tips are provided purely for your information. It is up to the reader to determine if any of the hints given are
safe and suitable for their own situation.